Club of Hohenheim e.V.



Association for international Politics and Economics
 

DE | EN

NATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2020 Application

1. Who can apply?

The NMUN Delegation of the Club of Hohenheim is open to all undergraduate, postgraduate, and PhD Students of the University of Stuttgart, Hohenheim, other Universities of Applied Science, as well as the Dualen Hochschule in Stuttgart and Esslingen. Your field of studies, semester or experience does not matter. We are rather looking for your personal motivation, engagement and interest in International Politics, and the United Nations. Moreover, you'll be working for a long period with an unfamiliar team.

The preparation for the event in New York will last about 6 months. There will be weekly preparation meetings, where we expect you to participate. The weekly metings will most likely take place every Thursday during the Winter term.

You should be aware that the NMUN-Project does not only include the weeks in New York but also a lot of preparation beforehand. Don't be scared by the amount of work but make sure to evaluate realistically whether you'll be able to meet those requirements. Please also note that as this project largely depends on fundraising there is a Deposit of 350€ for each delegate. Depending on the results of the fundraising parts of this deposit might be refunded.

Furthermore, good English skills are very important. Our experience has shown that most students underestimate their English skills. Most student's proficiency is good enough and they able to achieve the skills needed for the event in New York. We also encourage younger students to apply!

In doubt, please apply! or contact us

2. Application Process

We kindly ask you to submit the following forms until the 30 th of August 2019:

a)    CV with photo

b)    A one paged essay in English about one of the below mentioned topics

c)    At maximum a half page of your motivation to participate at the NMUN 2020 in New York

Please send the documents to the following email: application@clubofhohenheim.org

After the application we will invite you to a personal interview of about 10 to 20 minutes. The interviews will take place at the University of Hohenheim and Stuttgart on the 5th and 6th of October.

If you want to stay tuned follow us either on Facebook or Instagram.

We’re looking forward to your application! 

3. Essay

One important part of your application is the Essay. It should be around one page and has to be attached as a *.pdf document. The Essay needs to be in English. Besides testing your research abilities, we also want to get an idea of your English proficiency. Your Essay does not have to be flawless or free of mistakes.

There are three equivalent Topics to choose one from. Your Essay should only consider one topic exclusively. Each Topic provides some general information, guiding questions, and links for your further research. The guiding questions shall help you structuring, editing and guiding the topic. It is not required to directly answer those questions, especially not all of them. You're free to also discuss other aspects of the respective topic.

Topics for the Application Period 2019:

Topic 1: The worldwide plastic consumption 

Despite the many valuable uses plastic offers, the world population has become addicted to single-use plastic. The consequences for the environment are severe. By the 1990s plastic waste production has almost tripled compared to the 50s. Nowadays we produce about 300 Mio. tons of plastic waste every year which corresponds nearly the weight of the entire human population. Plastic waste is now omnipresent in the natural environment, clearly due to its resistance to the forces of nature. Researchers estimate that more than 8.3 billion tons of plastic has been produced since the early 1950s from which about 60% of that plastic has ended up in either a landfill or the natural environment. We need to slow the flow of plastic at its source, but we also need to improve the way we manage our plastic waste. While the United States, Japan and many European countries generate significant amounts of plastic waste, they’re also relatively good at managing it. About half of all of the plastic waste that ends up in the oceans comes from just five countries: China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Through economic growth the consumption booms and so does the use of plastic.

Guiding questions:

-       In which way could developing countries reduce the use of single-use plastic?

-       Which legal attempts are made by Europe in the recent years and especially in Germany?

-       What are the consequences for the ocean if we don’t change the way we manage plastic waste?

References:

https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/report/single-use-plastics-roadmap-sustainability

https://news.un.org/en/tags/plastic

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/02/plastic-ocean/

Topic 2: The reform of the Security Council

The United Nations Security Council is the central body of the international community for peacekeeping and conflict management. It adopts resolutions which, unlike those of the General Assembly, are binding for all Member States.

Therefore, it has extensive powers and may, if appropriate, intervene in the sovereignty of States, e.g. by imposing sanctions. It is important and right that the Security Council has these powers. It is the heart of the international security architecture. In order for its resolutions to be respected and obeyed by all states, it must have the necessary authority and legitimacy. This presupposes that the state in question is a member.

The Council, in its current composition, is no longer representative of a world in which 142 additional states have been admitted to the United Nations since 1945. In particular, Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as the Caribbean are not represented in the Council according to their current weight and therefore call for the composition of the Security Council to be adapted to the new realities.

In addition to a geographically balanced distribution of seats, the United Nations Charter also attaches particular importance to states that make significant contributions to the United Nations as members of the Security Council. Germany and Japan are therefore also considered candidates for new permanent seats on the Security Council.

Failure to reform the Security Council risks shifting decision-making to other fora. Such a competition is in nobody's interest.

Guiding questions:

What are the biggest problems of the Security Council in its current composition?

What could a reform of the Security Council look like?

What are the biggest arguments for and against a reform?

Which countries could profit or be harmed by a reform?

Could there be a reform in the near future?

References:

https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/

http://research.un.org/en/docs/sc

https://www.securitycouncilreport.org/


Topic 3: Europe transformed by the refugee crisis

October 2013, a ship carrying Somalian and Eritrean migrants sank off the Italian island of Lampedusa. More than 300 people drowned. This was not the first time that migrants drowned in the Mediterranean. At that time, it was estimated that in the previous 25 years at least 20,000 people have died attempting to reach Europe. The actual number was probably much higher. But that sinking in October 2013 was the first time that such a tragedy had truly startled the conscience of Europe.  

In 2019, nearly six years later; we still observe similar tragedies: At the end of June a private sea rescue boat, the Sea Watch 3 illegally entered Lampedusa harbor in order to protect the 40 refugees on board from further harm. This caused a stir within politics and society about morals. While some argue, that due that thousands of lives could be saved, others warn that it created a billion-dollar market for smugglers, which now willingly put the live of humans in danger. In the past years an increasing number of NGOs have worked on rescuing people who are threatened to drown in the Mediterranean. Yet most European countries in the Mediterranean refuse port access to them in order to prevent more refugees from entering their country.

Guiding questions:

-       Did the Schengen Agreement fail due to the refugee crisis? State some arguments for and against.

-       Which problems occur in the formation of governments in European countries regarding the different opinions on the reception of refugees?

-       How is the political diversity within European countries affected by that stated issues?

-       Should private sea rescue be promoted by European states?

References:

https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en

https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mediterranean