Club of Hohenheim e.V.


Association for international Politics and Economics
 

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NATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2019 Application

1. Who can apply?

The NMUN Delegation of the Club of Hohenheim is open to all undergraduate, postgraduate, and PhD Students of the University of Stuttgart, Hohenheim, other Universities of Applied Science, as well as the Dualen Hochschule in Stuttgart and Esslingen. Your field of studies, semester or experience does not matter. We are rather looking for your personal motivation, engagement and interest in International Politics, and the United Nations. Moreover, you'll be working for a long period with an unfamiliar team.

The preparation for the event in New York will last about 6 months. There will be weekly preparation meetings, where we expect you to participate. The weekly metings will most likely take place every Thursday during the Winter term.

You should be aware that the NMUN-Project does not only include the weeks in New York but also a lot of preparation beforehand. Don't be scared by the amount of work but make sure to evaluate realistically wheter you'll be able to meet those requirements.

Furthermore, good English skills are very important. Our experience has shown that most students underestimate their English skills. Most student's proficiency is good enough and they able to achieve the skills needed for the event in New York. We also encourage younger students to apply!

In doubt, please apply! or contact us


2. Application Process

 The formal application includes:

a) the filled out Google Form

b) a Photo of you (please not more than 1MB)

c) a two paged Essay in English language (For more Information see below)

The formal application can be done via Google Forms this year. You don't need to fill out the Google Form at once. You can submit your application and edit it at any time! We'll only consider the answers after the deadline. You're able to upload your essay and photo as well on Google Forms but you need to login. Anyhow, you're able to change your application as many times as you wish but please make sure that you have filled out everything.

Only complete Applications will be taken into account

Application deadline is 09.09.2018, 23:59 h (CEST)

The Application Period for the 2019 Delegation is over!

If you want to be part of the 2020 Delegation give our Facebook page a like to stay tuned!

After the formal application we will invite you to a personal interview, about 10 minutes each. These Interviews will most likely take place on the 6th and 7th October 2018. We will inform your about the outcome of your application a week after your interview at the latest.

If you do not wish to fill out the Application form on Google Forms, you can also send us an E-Mail to application@clubofhohenheim.org

Please make sure you to use our personal information template (DOWNLOAD HERE) and to include your Photo and Essay.

3. Essay

One important part of your application is the Essay. This should not be less nor exceed two pages and has to be uploaded as a *.pdf document. The Essay needs to be in English. Besides testing your research abilities, we also want to get an idea of your English proficiency. Hence, please DO NOT get your Essay corrected by a native speaker or some friends. Your Essay does not have to be flawless or free of mistakes. Simply copy and pasting from other sources or authors will always be detected and is considered as plagiarism and will result in an exclusion from the application process!

There are three equivalent Topics to choose one from. Your Essay should only consider one topic exclusively. Each Topic provides some general information, guiding questions, and links for your further research. The guiding questions shall help you structuring, editing and guiding the topic. It is not required to directly answer those questions, especially not all of them. You're free to also discuss other aspects of the respective topic.


Topic 1: Europe transformed by the refugee crisis

In October 2013, a ship carrying Somalian and Eritrean migrants sank off the Italian island of Lampedusa. More than 300 people drowned.This was not the first time that migrants drowned in the Mediterranean. At that time, it was estimated that in the previous 25 years at least 20,000 people have died attempting to reach Europe. The actual number was probably much higher. But that sinking in October 2013 was the first time that such a tragedy had truly startled the conscience of Europe.

In 2018, nearly five years after this disaster has happened; we can still observe similar tragedies: At the beginning of June a converted fisher boat sank close to the Tunisian shore and more than 100 people died. People, who were forced to flee their home countries due to unbearable living conditions caused by war or climatic catastrophes and who sought a better life in Europe.

In the past years an increasing number of NGOs have worked on rescuing people who are threatened to drown in the Mediterranean. Yet most European countries in the Mediterranean refuse port access to them in order to prevent more refugees from entering their country. While Germany has accepted more than 1 million people to enter the country since 2015, other Western European countries which do have the capacities still refuse to receive more people.

Guiding questions:

  • Did the Schengen Agreement fail due to the refugee crisis? State some arguments for and against.
  • Which problems occur in the formation of governments in European countries regarding the different opinions on the reception of refugees?
  • How is the political diversity within European countries affected by that stated issues?
  • How far does the refugee crisis influence nationalist movements within Europe?

References:

https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen_en

https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mediterranean

https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2017/02/in-europe-nationalisms-rising/

Topic 2: Combat Climate Change

Climate change is one of the biggest threats to development and its effects is a disproportionately burden to the poorest and the most vulnerable. With Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13) the United Nations (UN) call for urgent actions to combat climate change and its impacts as well as building resilience in responding to climate-related hazards, threats, and natural disasters. Carbon emissions have been rising over the past decades, leading to increases in global temperatures. The period from 2011 to 2015 was the hottest on record, with sea ice reaching its lowest level in history and coral bleaching threatening the world’s coral reefs.

Nonetheless, many countries have begun implementing national and local disaster risk reduction strategies. In 2014-2015, most reporting countries indicated that environmental impact assessments, climate change adaptation projects and integrated planning played a major role in reducing risk factors. However, it seems that this action may not be enough to guarantee further generations the possibility of a sustainable way of living.

Guiding Questions:

  • What are the globally most pressing issues concerning climate change?
  • What could be incentives for countries to spend more on climate change related issues?
  • How can developed countries help developing countries to meet their climate related needs?
  • What could be the potential role of public private partnerships (PPP`s)?  

References:

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg13

https://unfccc.int/

https://www.cop23.de/en/

https://www.unglobalcompact.org


Topic 3: Restructuring of the United Nations Peace and Security Pillar

We the peoples of the United Nations determined…

  …to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind[...].
Preamble of the United Nations Charter

 

Within the Preamble as well as Chapter 1, Article 1, the United Nations determined themselves to work jointly under four pillars. Summarized they are Peace and Security, Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and Development. Especially, under the post-war conditions, maintaining and striving to Peace and Security was, and still is today, a fundamental element of the United Nations. As principle organs, the Security Council as well as the General Assembly frequently consider matters of Peace and Security and thereby shaping this pillar.

One core element of this pillar are Peacekeeping Missions. Within the history of Peacekeeping Missions, they often became infamous for violations, abuses, and serious crimes. Not only in previous incidents, such as Rwanda and Srebrenica, where Peacekeepers often been criticized for their non-doing mandate. But also in latest issues such as sexual abuses, fraud and organized crimes. Hence, many demanded fundamental changes not only in the policy making but also in the policy execution and prosecution of peacekeepers. In 2017, the newly appointed Secretary General revealed his plans for restructuring of this important pillar. Now on the 18th January 2018 the Secretary General has published his more concrete proposals on how to reshape the Peace and Security Pillar.

Guiding Questions:

  • At what point, how, and why have United Nations failed to maintain international peace and security in the past?
  • What entities and departments have been established under the UN Peace and Security Pillar?
  • As fundamental part of the UN Peace and Security Pillar, where, how and why have UN Peacekeeping Missions and Troops failed to maintain peace and security in the past?
  • Derived from that: What are the changes the United Nations Peace and Security Pillar would need to end, challenge, or at least mitigate these issues  (e.g.: Peacekeeping Missions, Peacekeeping Troops, Security Council)?
  • What are the 2017/2018 reforms planed by the Secretary General on the Peace and Security Pillar?
  • How do those reforms combat the persisting problems and issues of this pillar?
  • What mechanisms have been applied by the UN to challenge recent issues with peacekeeping troops?

References:

http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/72/525

https://www.un.org/sg/en/annual_report

https://www.universal-rights.org/blog/un-secretary-generals-reform-agenda-important-address-human-rights-pillar

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/world/2017-06-09/un-peacekeepers-sexual-assault-problem